Harry Palm, Dr. nabil.


Marine Parasitology
Harry Palm, PD Dr.
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University Rostock

Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences

Aquaculture and Sea-ranching

Justus-von-Liebig Weg 6

18059 Rostock  






Tel: +49-381-498-3730 (sek. 3731)

Personal Data

Professor at University Rostock: 01.01.2011

Professor (apl.) at Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf: 28.03.2007

Habilitation (habil.) at Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf: 21.12.2000

Ph.D. at Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel: 17.07.1995

Professional Employment


University Rostock, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Aquaculture and Sea-ranching since 01.01.2011
Heisenberg-Fellowship (Awarded by the German Research Council/DFG)
  at the Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, GERMANY

- Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University Connecticut, USA

- The Natural History Museum London, ENGLAND



SS 2007

WS 2006/2007

Centre for Tropical Ecology (DAAD-Fellowship)           

  at the University Bremen, GERMANY  


Guest lecturer in Marine Science and Parasitology
(German Academic Exchange Service/DAAD)

  at the Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, INDONESIA



Habilitation-Fellowship (German Research Council/DFG)          

  at the Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, GERMANY



Head of the Marine Pathology Group (10 members)                         

  at the Institute for Marine Science at the University Kiel, GERMANY


Post Doctoral Fellowship (German Research Council/DFG)

  at the Institute for Marine Science at the University Kiel, GERMANY


Ph.D. Fellowship (German Research Council/DFG)                

  at the Institute for Marine Science at the University Kiel, GERMANY


Biological consultant                                                              

  Keywords: Environmental Impact, Benthic Ecology 

since 27.05.1992

Research Interests

a Ecology and evolution of marine fish parasites in the North Atlantic, Antarctica, Indian Ocean and the deep-sea (taxonomic groups: Trichodinid ciliates, anisakid nematodes and trypanorhynch cestodes)
b Fish parasites as biological indicators in the marine food web, fish migration and eutrophication
c Fish parasites and fish disease prevention in the Indonesian grouper mariculture
d Linkages between marine parasitology and other disciplines in marine sciences, such as fisheries biology and oceanography

Research Activities


Taxonomy and evolution of fish parasitic trypanorhynch cestodes (DFG 477/1049/96, PA 664/3-1, PA 664/3-2, EU-Parsyst 1999, EU-Colparasyst 2003) PA 664/4-1/4-2/6-1 and EU-Synthesys 2006 since 01.2006
Fish parasites as biological indicators for the Indonesian grouper mariculture (BMBF 03F0391(471)A-Science for the Protection of the Indonesian Coastal Ecosystems - SPICE, Subproject 2.2 under Strategies for the sustainable use of the living resources and mariculture in Segara Anakan Lagoon, C Java, Indonesia since 05.2004
Fish parasites as biological indicators in the riverine ecosystem Lippe in NRW, Germany since 06.2008
Deep-sea fish parasites from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (Kl 2087/1-1) since 09.2006
Life cycle biology of Antarctic fish parasites (SP 395/3-1 to 3-3)
Taxonomy and ecology of trichodinid ciliates from the western Baltic Sea (RO 380/7-1)
Fish parasites from the Great Meteor-Bank, central-east Atlantic (SCH 207/13-1)


Publications and Journals (for private/research only !!!!!)


a Dewi K., Palm H.W. (in prep.). Two New Species of Philometrinae Baylis et Daubney, 1926 (Nematoda: Philometridae) in Epinephelus coioides (Hamilton, 1822) from the South Bali Sea, Indonesia.

  d Kleinertz S., Damriyasa I.M., Hagen W., Suratma A., Palm H.W. (in prep.). Metazoan parasite fauna of E. areolatus (Forsskal, 1775) from Indonesian coastal waters.


79 2012

Emde S., Rueckert S., Palm H.W., Klimpel S. (2012).Invasive Ponto-Caspian amphipods and fish increase the distribution range of the acanthocephalan Pomphorhynchus tereticollis in the river Rhine. PLoS ONE 7: e53218. PDF


Haseli M., Malek M., Palm H.W., Ivanov V.A. (2012). Two new species of Echinobothrium van Beneden, 1849 (Cestoda: Diphyllidea) from the Persian Gulf. Systematic Parasitology 82: 201-209. PDF


Kleinertz S., Klimpel S., Palm H.W. (2012). Parasite communities and feeding ecology of the European sprat (Sprattus sprattus L.) over its range of distribution. Parasitology Research 110: 1147-1157. PDF
76 Madduppa H.H., Ferse S.C.A., Aktani U., Palm H.W. (2012). Seasonal trends and fish-habitat associations around Pari Island, Indonesia: setting a baseline for environmental monitoring.Environmental Biology of Fish 95: 383-398. PDF

75 2011

Palm H.W. (2011). Fish parasites as biological indicators in a changing world: Can we monitor environmental impact and climate change? (Chapter 12) In: Progress in Parasitology, Parasitology Research Monographs, H. Mehlhorn (ed.), Springer Verlag. DOI: 10.1007/ 978-3-642-21396-0_12 (Review article) PDF
74 Palm H.W.,Kleinertz S., Rückert S. (2011).Parasite diversity as an indicator of environmental change? An example from tropical grouper (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus) mariculture in Indonesia. Parasitology 138: 1793-1803. PDF
73 Haseli H., Malek M., Valinasab T., Palm H.W. (2011). Trypanorhynch cestodes of teleost fish from the Persian Gulf, Iran. Helminthologia DOI:10.1017/S0022149X10000519 PDF

Klimpel S., Palm H.W. (2011). Anisakid nematode (Ascaridoidea) life cycles and distribution: Increasing zoonotic potential in the time of climate change? (Chapter 11) In: Progress in Parasitology, Parasitology Research Monographs, H. Mehlhorn (ed.), Springer Verlag. DOI: 10.1007/ 978-3-642-21396-0_11 (Review article) PDF


Klimpel S., Busch M.W., Karl H., Palm H.W. (2011). Deep water life cycle of Anisakis paggiae (Nematoda: Anisakidae) in the Irminger Sea indicates kogiid whale distribution in north Atlantic waters. Polar Biology 34:899–906. PDF


Verweyen L.,Klimpel K., Palm H.W. (2011) Molecular phylogeny of the Acanthocephala (Class Palaeacanthocephala), with a paraphyletic assemblage of the orders Polymorphida and Echinorhynchida. PLoS ONE 6(12): e28285. PDF

69 2010 Palm H.W. 2010. Nataliella marcelli gen n., sp. n. (fam. Rhinoptericolidae) from Hawaii. Systematic Parasitology 75: 105-115. PDF
68 Haseli H., Malek M., Palm H.W. 2010. Trypanorhynch cestodes of elasmobranchs from the Persian Gulf. Zootaxa 2492: 28–48. PDF
67 Klimpel S., Busch M.W., Sutton T., Palm H.W. (2010). Meso- and bathypelagic fish parasites at the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR): Low host specificity and restricted parasite diversity.Deep Sea Research I 57: 596–603 PDF
66 Klimpel S., Busch M.W., Kuhn T., Rohde A., Palm H.W. 2010. The Anisakis simplex complex off the South Shetland Islands (Antarctica): endemic populations versus introduction through migratory hosts. Marine Ecology Progress Series 403: 1-11 (Feature article). PDF
65 Olson P.D., Caira J.N., Jensen K., Overstreet R.M., Palm H.W., Beveridge I. 2010. Evolution of the trypanorhynch tapeworms: Parasite phylogeny supports independent lineages of sharks and rays. International Journal for Parasitology 40: 223-242.
64 Rückert S., Klimpel S., Palm H.W. 2010. Parasites of cultured and wild grouper (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus) in Lampung Bay, Indonesia. Aquaculture Research 1-12 (DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2109.2009.02403.x)
63 2009 Palm H.W., Rückert S. 2009. A new approach to visualizeecosystem healthby using parasites. Parasitology Research 105: 539-553.
62 Palm H.W., Waeschenbach A., Olson P., Littlewood T. 2009. Molecular phylogeny and evolution of the Trypanorhyncha Diesing, 1863. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52: 351-367. PDF
61 Bray R., Palm H.W. (2009). Bucephalids (Digenea: Bucephalidae) from marine fishes off the south-western coast of Java, Indonesia, including the description of two new species of Rhipidocotyle and comments on the marine fish digenean fauna of Indonesia. Zootaxa 2223: 1-24.
Kellermanns E., Klimpel S., Palm H.W. 2009. Parasite fauna of the Mediterranean grenadier Coryphaenoides mediterraneus (Giglioli, 1893) from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR). Acta Parasitologica 54: 158-164. PDF
59 Kuchta R., Scholz T., Vlčková R., Řhía M., Walter T., Yuniar A.T., Palm H.W. 2009. Revision of tapeworms (Cestoda: Bothriocephalidae) from lizardfish (Saurida: Synodontidae) from the Indo-Pacific region. Zootaxa 1977: 55-67. PDF
Rückert S., Klimpel S., Al-Quraishy, Mehlhorn H, Palm H.W. 2008. Transmission of Fish parasites into grouper mariculture (Serranidae: Epinephelus coioides (Hamilton, 1822)) in Lampung Bay, Indonesia. Parasitology Research 104: 523-532. PDF
57 Rückert S., Hagen W., Yuniar A. T., Palm H.W. 2009. Metazoan fish parasites of Segara Anakan Lagoon, Indonesia, and their potential use as biological indicators. Regional Environmental Change Special Issue 9: 315-328. PDF
56 2008
Palm H.W. 2008. Surface ultrastructure of the elasmobranchia parasitizing Grillotiella exilis (Linton, 1909) and Pseudonybelinia odontacantha Dollfus, 1966 (Cestoda, Trypanorhyncha). Zoomorphology 127: 249-258. PDF
55 Palm H.W., Caira J. 2008. Host specificity of adult versus larval cestodes of the order Trypanorhyncha (Cestoda). International Journal for Parasitology 38: 381-388. PDF
54 Palm H.W., Klimpel S. 2008. Metazoan fish parasites of Macrourus berglax Lacepède, 1801 and other macrourids of the North Atlantic: Invasion of the deep-sea from the continental shelf. Deep Sea Research Part II 55: 236-242. PDF
53 Palm H.W., Linda L., Damriyasa I. M., Oka I.B.M. 2008. Molecular genotyping of Anisakis Dujardin, 1845 (Nematoda: Ascaridoidea: Anisakidae) larvae from marine fish of Balinese and Javanese waters, Indonesia. Helminthologia 45: 3-12. PDF
52 Abdou N.E., Palm H.W. 2008. New records of trypanorhynch cestodes from Red Sea fishes in Egypt. Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology 38: 281-292. PDF

Klimpel S., Kellermanns E., Palm H.W. 2008. The role of pelagic swarm fish (Myctophidae: Teleostei) in the oceanic life cycle of Anisakis sibling species at the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Central Atlantic. Parasitology Research 104: 43-53. PDF

Klimpel S, Kleinertz S., Palm H.W. 2008. Distribution of parasites from red mullets (Mullus surmuletus L., Mullidae) in the North Sea and Mediterranean Sea. Bulletin of Fish Biology 10: 1-14. PDF
Klimpel S, Palm H.W., Busch, M.W., Kellermanns E. 2008. Fish parasites in the bathyal zone: The halosaur Halosauropsis macrochir (Günther, 1878) from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Deep Sea Research Part II 55: 229-235. PDF

Rückert S., Palm H.W., Klimpel S. 2008. Parasite fauna of seabass (Lates calcarifer) under mariculture conditions in Lampung Bay, Indonesia. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 24: 321-327. PDF

47 2007

Palm H.W. 2007. The concept of cummulative evolution in marine fish parasites. Proceedings of the IVth All-Russian Workshop on Theoretical and Marine Parasitology, AtlantNIRO, Kaliningrad, Russia, 21-26 May, 164-170. PDF

46 Palm H.W. & Klimpel S. 2007. Evolution of the parasitic life in the ocean. Trends in Parasitology 23: 10-12. PDF
Palm H.W. Klimpel S., Walter T. 2007. Demersal fish parasite fauna around the South Shetland Islands: High species richness and low host specificity in Antarctic waters. Polar Biology 30: 1513-1522 PDF
Palm H.W., Waeschenbach A., Littlewood T. 2007. Genetic diversity in the cosmopolitan trypanorhynch cestode Tentacularia coryphaenae (Bosc, 1797): Further evidence for low host specificity in the teleost intermediate host. Parasitology Research 101: 153-159. PDF


Kellermanns E., Klimpel K., Palm H.W. 2007. Molecular identification of ascaridoid nematodes from the deep-sea onion-eye grenadier (Macrourus berglax) from the East-Greenland Sea. Deep Sea Research Part I 54: 2194-2202. PDF
Klimpel S., Kellermanns E., Palm H.W., Moravec F. 2007. Zoogeography of fish parasites of the pearlside (Maurolicus muelleri), with genetic evidence of Anisakis simplex (s.s.) from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Marine Biology 152: 725-732. PDF
Rückert S., Klimpel S., Palm H.W. 2007. Parasite fauna of Abramis brama (bream) and Rutilus rutilus (roach) from a man made brackish water way (Kiel-Channel) and a freshwater habitat in northern Germany. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 74: 225-233. PDF
Yuniar A. T., Palm H.W. & Walter T. 2007. Crustacean fish parasites from Segara Anakan lagoon, Java, Indonesia. Parasitology Research 100: 1193-1204. PDF
39 2006
Jakob E., Palm H.W. 2006. Parasites of commercially important fish species from the southern Java coast, Indonesia, including the distribution pattern of trypanorhynch cestodes. Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft für Ichthyologie 5:165-191. PDF

Klimpel S, Palm H.W., Busch, M.W., Kellermanns E., Rückert S. 2006. Fish parasites in the Arctic deep-sea: Poor diversity in pelagic fish species vs. heavy parasite load in a demersal fish. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers: 53: 1167-1181. PDF

Klimpel S., Rückert S., Piatkowski U., Palm H.W. , Hanel R. 2006. Diet and metazoan parasites of silver scabbard fish, Lepidopus caudatus, from the Great Meteor Seamount (North Atlantic). Marine Ecology Progress Series 315: 249-257. PDF
36 2005

Ogut H., Palm H.W. 2005 . Seasonal dynamics of Trichodina spp. on whiting (Merlangius merlangus) in relation to organic pollution on the eastern Black Sea coast of Turkey. Parasitology Research 96: 149-153. PDF

35 Marques J.F., Santos M.J., Cabral H.N., Palm, H.W. 2005. First record of Progrillotia dasyatidis Beveridge et al., 2004 from teleost fishes from the Portuguese coast, with a description of the surface morphology. Parasitology Research 96: 206-211. PDF
34 2004
Klimpel S., Palm, H.W., Rückert S., Piatkowski U. 2004. Life cycle of Anisakis simplex in the Norwegian Deep (northern North Sea). Parasitology Research 94: 1-9. PDF
Jones.M.K,, Beveridge I., Campbell R.A., Palm, H.W. 2004. Terminology of the sucker-like organs of the scolex of trypanorhynch cestodes. Systematic Parasitology 59: 121-126. PDF
32 2003

Klimpel S., Palm, H.W., Seehagen A. 2003. Metazoan Parasites and food composition of juvenile Etmopterus spinax (L., 1758) (Dalatiidae, Squaliformes) from the Norwegian Deep. Parasitology Research 89: 245-251. PDF


Klimpel S., Seehagen A., Palm, H.W. 2003. Metazoan parasites and feeding behaviour of four small-sized fish species from the central North Sea. Parasitology Research 91: 290-297. PDF

30 2002 Palm H.W. 2002: Redescription of Microbothriorhynchus Yamaguti, 1952 (Cestoda: Trypanorhyncha), with description of Microbothriorhynchus reimeri sp. nov.. Systematic Parasitology 53: 219-226. PDF

Palm H.W., Beveridge I. 2002. Tentaculariid cestodes of the order Trypanorhyncha (Platyhelminthes) from the Australian region. Records of the South Australian Museum 35: 49-78.


Hassan M.A., Palm H.W., Mahmoud M.A., Al Jamie F.A. 2002. Trypanorhynch cestodes from the musculature of commercial fishes from the Arabian Gulf. Arab Journal of Scientific Research 20: 74-86. PDF


Walter T., Palm H.W., Piepiorka S., Rückert S. 2002. Parasites of the Antarctic rattail Macrourus whitsoni (Regan, 1913) (Macrouridae, Gadiformes). Polar Biology 25: 633-640. PDF


Zhu X. Q., D'Amelio S., Palm H.W., Paggi L., George-Nascimento M., Gasser R.B. 2002. SSCP-based identification of members within the Pseudoterranova decipiens complex (Nematoda: Ascaridoidea: Anisakidae) using genetic markers in the internal transcribed spacers of ribosomal DNA. Parasitology 124: 615-623. PDF

25 2001

Palm H.W., Schröder P. 2001: Cestode parasites from the elasmobranchs Heptranchias perlo (Bonnaterre, 1788) and Deania spp. Jordan et Snyder, 1902 from the Great Meteorbank, central East-Atlantic. Aquatic Living Resources 14: 137-144. PDF

24 2000

Palm H.W. 2000 Trypanorhynch cestodes from Indonesian coastal waters (East Indian Ocean). Folia Parasitologica 47: 123-134. PDF


Palm H.W., Overstreet R. 2000 Otobothrium cysticum (Cestoda: Trypanorhyncha) from the muscle of butterfishes (Stromateidae). Parasitology Research 86: 41-53. PDF


Palm H.W., Overstreet R. 2000 New records of trypanorhynch cestodes from the Gulf of Mexico, including Kotorella pronosoma (Stossich, 1901) and Heteronybelinia palliata (Linton, 1924) comb. n. Folia Parasitologica 47: 293-302. PDF


Palm H.W., Walter T. 2000 Tentaculariid cestodes (Ord. Trypanorhyncha) from the Muséum d´Histoire Naturelle Paris. Zoosystema 22: 641-666. PDF


Dobberstein R.C., Palm H.W. 2000 Trichodinid ciliates (Peritrichia: Trichodinidae) from  the Bay of Kiel, with description of Trichodina claviformis sp. n. Folia Parasitologica 47: 81-90. PDF


Palm H.W., Mundt U., Overstreet R. 2000 Sensory receptors and surface ultrastructure within trypanorhynch cestodes. Parasitology Research 86: 821-833. PDF

18 1999 Palm H.W. 1999 Ecology of Pseudoterranova decipiens Krabbe, 1878 (Nematoda: Anisakidae) from Antarctic waters. Parasitology Research 85: 638-646. PDF

Palm H.W. 1999 Nybelinia Poche, 1926, Heteronybelinia gen. nov. and Mixonybelinia gen. nov. (Cestoda: Trypanorhyncha) in the collections of The Natural History Museum, London. Bulletin of the Natural History Museum London (Zoology) 65: 133-153. PDF


Palm H.W., Dobberstein R.C. 1999 Occurrence of trichodinid ciliates (Peritricha: Urceolariidae) in the Kiel Fjord, Baltic Sea, and its possible use as a biological indicator. Parasitology Research 85: 726-732. PDF


Palm H.W., Walter T. 1999 Nybelinia southwelli sp. nov. (Cestoda: Trypanorhyncha) with re-description of N. perideraeus (Shipley & Hornell, 1906) and the synonymy of N. herdmani (Shipley & Hornell, 1906) with Kotorella pronosoma (Stossich, 1901). Bulletin of the Natural History Museum (Zoology) 65: 123-131. PDF


Beveridge I., Campbell R.A., Palm H.W. 1999 Preliminary cladistic analysis of genera of the cestode order Trypanorhyncha Diesing, 1863. Systematic Parasitology 42: 29-49. PDF

13 199813

Palm H.W., Poynton S.L., Rutledge P. 1998 Surface ultrastructure of the plerocercoid of Bombycirhynchus spyraenaicum (Pintner, 1930) (Cestoda: Trypanorhyncha). Parasitology Research 84: 195-204. PDF

12 Palm H.W., Reimann N., Spindler M., Plötz J. 1998 The role of the rock cod Notothenia coriiceps in the life cycle of Antarctic parasites. Polar Biology 19: 399-406. PDF


Rohlwing T., Palm H.W., Rosenthal H. 1998 Parasitation with Pseudoterranova decipiens (Nematoda) influences the survival rate of European smelt (Osmerus eperlanus L.) retained by a screen wall of a nuclear power plant. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 32: 233-236. PDF

10 1997 Palm H.W. 1997 An alternative classification of trypanorhynch cestodes considering the tentacular armature as being of minor importance. Systematic Parasitology 37: 81-92. PDF


Palm H.W. 1997 Trypanorhynch cestodes of commercial fishes from Northeast Brasilian coastal waters. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 92: 69-79. PDF


Palm H.W., Walter T., Schwerdtfeger G., Reimer L.W. 1997 Nybelinia Poche, 1926 (Cestoda: Trypanorhyncha) from the Mozambique coast with description of N. beveridgei sp. nov. and systematic consideration on the genus. South African Journal of Marine Science 18: 273-285. PDF

7 Poynton S.L., Campbell T., Palm, H.W. 1997 Skin lesions in captive lemon sharks Negaprion brevirostris (Carcharhinidae) associated with the monogenean Neodermophthirius harkemai Price, 1963 (Microbothriidae). Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 31: 29-33. PDF

6 1994

Palm H.W., Andersen K., Klöser H., Plötz J. 1994 Occurrence of Pseudoterranova decipiens (Nematoda) in fish from the south-eastern Weddell Sea (Antarctic). Polar Biology 14: 539-544. PDF


Palm H.W., Obiekezie A.I., Möller H. 1994 Trypanorhynchid cestodes of commercial inshore fishes of the West African coast. Aquatic Living Resources 7: 153-164. PDF

4 1993

Palm H.W., Möller H., Petersen F. 1993 Otobothrium penetrans (Cestoda; Trypanorhyncha) in the flesh of belonid fish from Philippine waters. International Journal for Parasitology 23: 749-755. PDF


Petersen F., Palm H.W., Möller H., Cuzi M.A. 1993 Flesh parasites of fish from central Philippine waters. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 15: 81-86. PDF

2 1992 Klöser H., Plötz J., Palm H.W., Bartsch A., Hubold G. 1992 Adjustment of anisakid nematode life cycles to the high Antarctic food web as shown by Contracaecum radiatum and C. osculatum in the Weddell Sea. Antarctic Science 4: 171-178. PDF


Obiekezie A.I., Anders K., Lick R., Möller H., Palm H.W. 1992 External lesions and flesh parasites in commercial fishes of Nigerian inshore waters. Aquatic Living Resources 5: 173-183. PDF


Report, Theses, Posters, Books


Klimpel S., Busch M.W., Kellermanns E., Kleinertz S., Palm H.W. 2004. Metazoan deep-sea fish parasites. Verlag Natur und Wissenschaft, Solingen, 383 pp. How to order
Palm H.W. 2004. The Trypanorhyncha Diesing, 1863. PKSPL-IPB Press, Bogor, x + 710 pp. How to order


Klimpel S., Seehagen A., Palm H.W., Rosenthal H. 2001 Deep-water metazoan fish parasites of the world. Logos Verlag, Berlin, 315 pp. How to order


Palm H.W., Klimpel S., Bucher C. 1999 Checklist of metazoan fish parasites of German coastal waters. Berichte aus dem Institut für Meereskunde an der Christian-Albrechts-Universität Kiel 307: 148 pp.


Palm H.W. 1995 Untersuchungen zur Systematik von Rüsselbandwürmern (Cestoda: Trypanorhyncha) aus atlantischen Fischen. Berichte aus dem Institut für Meereskunde an der Christian-Albrechts-Universität Kiel 275: 238 pp.

Membership of Scientific Committees and Organizations

- Deutsche Zoologische Gesellschaft

- Deutsche Gesellschaft für Parasitologie

- European Association of Fish Pathologists


Membership of Scientific Planning Groups

- ICES = International Council for the Exploration of the Seas (Working group on Pathology and Diseases of Marine Organisms, 1995-1999)

- BMBF-Initiative for the further development of the German-Indonesian cooperation in Marine Sciences

Student Education

- Introduction to Aquaculture

- Disease and Parasites of Marine Fishes

- Scientific Writing and Communicating

- Marine Science Special Training Course (2001-2006)




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